Linaria vulgaris (common toadflax)

toadflax leaves

Common toadflax, yellow toadflax, butter-and-eggs

Common Toadflax

With its bright orange-yellow flowers, the common toadflax (Linaria vulgaris) might be one of the most beautiful European perennials. It grows perennially, flowers from late summer to fall and can grow up to 60 centimetres high. It spreads by seeds and short runners.

Yellow Toadflax

Distribution area

The natural distribution area is Asia (China, Russia, Turkey) and Europe (northern Europe, central Europe, southern Europe). As an ornamental plant, the Common Toadflax also reached some North American regions, where it became native.

Linaria vulgaris


Linaria vulgaris is found along roadsides, in dry meadows, on railway embankments, embankments, sand dunes and in quarries. It thrives best in sunny locations and does well in dry places because its roots grow deep into the ground.

Butter And Eggs

Toadflax as a habitat

Pollinators include bumblebees as well as other wild bees and butterflies.

During the hot summer weeks, some snails spend a kind of dry dormancy on its stems.

Bumblebee on Toadflax
A bumblebee pollinates the Toadflax flowers.


Linaria vulgaris belongs to the tribe Antirrhineae within the plantain family (Plantaginaceae) and is closely related to the snapdragons.

Helicella itala on toadflax
Helicella itala on Toadflax.